Hungary in a nutshell
Hungary is located in Central Europe, its territory is 93,030 km2, the number of the population is 10,135,000.
As a land-locked country, it takes place in the Carpathian Basin, in a down-stream situation. Main waterways, like the Danube (Duna) flowing through eight European countries, the river Theiss (Tisza) and their tributaries all enter the country from the outside. As for the nation, she is locked into her peculiar Fenno-Ugrian language, however, a fine poetry has been written in Hungarian on these rivers, the landscapes as well as the beauties of nature to which only native Hungarians can witness.
On the Eastern side of the Danube the Hungarian lowland, the widely known puszta with horses, herdsmen and fata morgana is found. Beyond this stereotype of Hungary, after all years of indifferent command economy, there is still a high level of biodiversity and a semi-cultural landscape. The Transdanubian part of Hungary is more mountanious. Smaller, more intimate units of landscape change each other. The largest lake in Central Europe, Balaton gives a character to the core of this part of the country. - It is worth to have a look at the National Ecological Network interpreting biodiversity all over the country with different shades of green.
History in a nutshell
Hungarian pagan tribes arrived into the Carpathian Basin and settled the area by the end of the 9th century. King Stephan accepted Christianity for the nation and a crown from the Pope for himself in 1000. A developing European culture got into full blossom during the reign of King Mathias in the second half of the 15th century introducing rational measures and reneissance culture in the country.
Then the Turkish army occupied the majority of Hungary in the 16th century, thereafter the number of the population decreased dramatically, Christian monuments and institutions became destroyed. After 150 years of Turkish reign Hungarians withdrew Buda Castle, the capital, for themselves in 1686 on the price becoming then part of the Austrian Habsburg empire. After a lost freedom fight in the 18th, another in the mid 19th century, by the 1870-ies industry, capitalism and modern institutions have developed until the 1st World War. As a looser Hungary lost significant parts of the country. However, her national sovereignity regained, she entered into the 2nd World War on the same side and lost it, too. Then the Soviet Red Army occupied the country, introducing their system against which another Hungarian freedom fight was started and lost in 1956.
In 1990 the Hungarian Republic was announced and after the state-party rule a pluralistic Parliament has been working on the rule of law by coining new legislation -among others! - for the protection of the environment and nature.
Hungarians tend to interpret all these vicissitudeness of their history as a result of bad decision of those ancient tribes not having travelled a little further to the West but settled down in the present transitory area creating a "ferry-boat-like country" as the poet says. The same Hungarians try to console themselves with the idea that during their history, being gate-keepers they saved the rest of Europe several times.
You, kind browser
of this educational website, are kindly expected to borrow the strong emotions of the Hungarians for history, nature and poetry and follow us into a tiny part of Hungary, the Dörögd Basin, at the Transdanubian side of the country, next to the Balaton Uplands, along the route between the old towns of Veszprém and Tapolca.