Hungarian National Ecological Network

The World Strategy for the Conservation of Nature published in 1980 highlights three main areas in order to achieve sustainable civilisation:

  • the vitally important ecological processes and life supporting systems must be protected
  • genetic diversity must be maintained
  • all utilisation of species and ecosystems must be made sustainable.

Traditional nature conservation first set the goal of protecting species - e.g. the first nature preservation law in Hungary placed the large majority of bird life in Hungary under protection. Later it became apparent that endangered species can only be saved if their food, their nesting sites and their habitats are also protected, and the living space of the important and valuable species - since they are rare - was taken into a reserve-like protection within the national parks, safari parks, etc. Despite the good will, moral stance and investment it became evident that this traditional practice of nature preservation was unable to meet the aims of the world strategy.

Later the movement for the protection of the living world therefore had to expand: biodiversity was targeted, which according to the Hungarian interpretation gaining popularity meant the protection of biological diversity on a local, national and international level.

The number of species living on the Earth today is in the order of millions and tens of millions. The number of species which mankind has so far utilised economically does not exceed tens of thousands. The biological diversity forming the basis upon which the existence of mankind is founded has however started a rapid decline at such a rate that there is not even enough time to assess what has been lost. The role which biological diversity plays in ecological stability is also important. Furthermore, biodiversity is a mass of information. Nature is the richest store of clean, true and substantial information. Its destruction leads to the intellectual and moral decline of mankind.

The idea of ecological corridors hoped to further the unsolved question of isolated nature conservation. Protecting biodiversity is a prime objective on private land, these border the protective zones, the buffer areas. The ecological corridors connect the same types of habitats and habitat complexes with one another, guaranteeing the flow of genes between populations isolated from one another. On a local level they connect various habitats where the lifecycle of certain species requires this for their survival. Waterways for example typically fill this corridor role. The main function of the rehabilitation areas is healing wrecked areas.


The map shows results of a survey, data assessment carried out by the Hungarian Foundation for IUCN.
Nemzeti Ökológiai Hálózat.(National Ecological Network)Proposal for environmentally friendly and nature friendly land useage.
Editor: Ferenc Németh Bp., 1995. IUCN -International Union for the Conservation of Nature.